Causes of fear of strangers and its treatment
Causes of fear of strangers and its treatment-Pathological fear Before talking about the causes of fear of strangers and its treatment, it is necessary to define phobia, which is the fear of strangers without a real reason for it, and it is one of its types, and it is an unnatural fear that is permanently associated with the individual and is linked to something that is not originally scary, and this fear is not based To realistic evidence, and the person cannot control it, and the individual is completely convinced that he is illogical, and yet he controls him and controls his behavior, and the individual feels intense fear from a situation that does not bring fear itself to the majority of people, and this leads the individual to a feeling of isolation He is ashamed of himself,
isolates himself from people and is afraid of them, criticizes himself and accuses it of cowardice and weakness of character, and this is related to the psychological aspect.
Causes of fear of strangers and its treatment
Fear of strangers leads to isolation of the individual from others as a result of his feelings of anxiety, fear, and tension when interacting with others and his fear of their reactions, all of which affects the individual’s daily activities such as work, school, and even other life activities
In the context of talking about the causes of fear of strangers and its treatment, it is necessary to mention the causes of fear of strangers first, then treatment:
Reasons for fear of strangers Many scientists and researchers attribute the reason for fear of strangers to the method of education or socialization, especially in conservative societies, or in which domination is practiced, and the individual is not allowed to express his opinion or himself, so that one feels that all his actions and movements are being monitored, All this affects him and makes him more afraid of strangers and society
Because of his inability to act in absolute freedom, and he has a constant feeling of fear and does not have a will as well, and he remains constantly watched and fearful of society, and so the fear of strangers is formed in the individual,
the individual may be exposed to verbal or physical violence in an exaggerated manner from family members or society such as the school. What makes it more difficult and leaves a great impact on the child’s personality, and the negative criticism directed at the parents towards the child during the early years of childhood and the adolescence period may help the child to feel inferior and appear to have pathological shyness and tend to isolate and avoid others.
Treatment of fear of strangers The research is still ongoing in the treatment of many disorders and diseases that threaten the human psyche, and despite the advancement of modern psychology, there is no final solution to many of these disorders, including fear of strangers.
Interventions and treatments
There are a number of interventions and treatments that may succeed in solving the problem of fear of strangers, including:
Behavior therapy that relies on correcting an individual’s false perception and judgments about people and society. Helping the patient to overcome fear, and gradually encouraging him to socialize and interact with strangers.
Providing the necessary psychological support to the individual so that he can regain his self-confidence and achieve himself, and that is through the presence of individuals beside the patient who encourage him to talk and discuss.
Helping the individual for himself and resolving to change his situation and his perception of people, and to look at himself with a view of appreciation and respect. That the patient arrives at the fact that the things he is afraid of have no justification for fear, and when he starts talking to strangers, nothing of what he is fancied will happen. Helping the patient break the fear barrier that prevents him from getting rid of his illness and achieving self-realization.
Problems arising from fear of strangers Leaving the treatment of the problem of fear of strangers leads to an exacerbation of the problem, and it is possible that it fully controls the life of the individual, and this is reflected negatively on work or school and on the individual’s relations with others, and the individual cannot enjoy life and among these complications are what Come:
Negative and severe self-criticism. He is afraid of criticism from others.
Impaired communication skills and social interaction with others.
Isolation, introversion, and the inability to form social relationships.
Poor academic and scientific achievement. Irrational thinking and engaging in bad behaviors such as drinking alcohol, using drugs, or attempting suicide.