Decision-making process, The nature and Participation

A person faces, in his daily life, dozens of situations and problems that require him to make many decisions, and some of these decision-making process may last for hours or days. 


While some people do not take minutes to make a decision, this is due to the degree of awareness, awareness and sense of the quality of the decision of each individual.


The nature of the decision-making process

There are multiple points of view on the administrative decision-making process, and in this regard, three main elements of this process can be referred to, namely:

  1. Finding appropriate opportunities for decision-making.
  2. Finding possible ways to work (Courses of Action).
  3. Selection of available work methods,


As any administrative decision seeks to solve a problem, and it must have a specific goal or objectives that it seeks to achieve. 


Decisions are not an end and the content of the decision depends on the type of problem to be solved, the more complex the problem is, the more difficult the decision is. 


Hence, the content of the administrative decision depends on the type of problem or goal to be achieved. 


The decision is expressed in multiple forms, and it may be in the form of policies, rules, orders, instructions, or otherwise. 


The decision is a means to achieve a specific goal, and therefore there should be an appropriate way to reach the goal easily and easily.

Decision-making process, The nature and Participation

Participate in decision making

Decisions were taken by one person, but with the development that took place in managerial thought and the development of many modern administrative theories that support the application of the democratic style in management.


And as a result of the large size of institutions, the complexity of their duties and the magnification of their responsibilities, as well as the lack of human capabilities to know everything at all times. 


Under any circumstance, it has become commonplace for leaders and presidents to resort to specialists and technicians who exchange opinions with them before they make their decisions.


Experts show that the decision-making process is the outcome of a joint collective effort in which the concerned individuals, departments and various departments cooperate with the topic.


And the processes of gathering information, analyzing them, presenting opinions and possible ideas and achieving the necessary communications are all matters that take place at different levels within the organization, and the degree of participation in decision-making can be highlighted in relation to the issue. Follows:


The degree of participation under the democratic method: 

as the leader in this method depends on the participation of his subordinates in taking the necessary decisions to solve the problems facing him and facing them equally, and the sound human relations between the leader and his subordinates are positive, cooperative and mutual trust. 

This is reflected in the effectiveness of the decision taken.


The degree of participation under the autocratic style: 

The leader does not give subordinates any amount of participation in the decision-making process, as he takes the decision himself and imposes it on his subordinates to implement it. 


Among the leaders are those who can take their decisions alone or separately from the rest of the employees of the educational institution.

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