The Link Between Insomnia and Mental Illness, We can feel gloomy, concerned, and agitated if we don’t get enough sleep. It’s no wonder, then, that the quality of our sleep has a direct impact on our physical and emotional well-being.
Insomnia is a common symptom of anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, among other mental diseases (ADHD).
Insomnia and mental illness have a bidirectional relationship: roughly half of persons with insomnia have a mental health condition, while up to 90% of adults with depression have sleep problems.
Sleep issues can also generate a negative feedback loop, impeding recovery from mental illness. People with depression who suffer from insomnia, for example, are less likely to react to depression treatment. They’re also more likely to relapse than people who don’t have sleep issues.
The Link Between Insomnia and Mental Illness, Emotional analysis
It’s unknown how insomnia increases a person’s risk of mental disease. However, research suggests that it may have an impact on our ability to absorb negative feelings.
Sleep-deprived persons were found to have higher emotional response to unpleasant visuals than to pleasant or neutral emotional content images in one study. There were no variations in emotional response between sleep-deprived and non-sleep-deprived people.
In another study, brain scans found that when persons with insomnia adopted a strategy to limit unpleasant reactions to images, they had more activity in the emotional processing area of the brain than when they didn’t.
As a result, sleeplessness may make it harder to respond effectively to negative emotions. This may increase their sleep problems and make them more susceptible to depression.
Treatment for insomnia with cognitive behaviour therapy includes learning how to perceive emotional input less adversely.
There is also evidence that mental disorders may be caused by malfunctions in brain circuits that govern our body clocks or drowsiness timing systems.
Insomnia and mental disorder treatment
Sleep issues are likely to improve as a result of mental disease treatment, especially for mild symptoms of mental illness.
Insomnia, on the other hand, tends to continue until it is specifically addressed for therapy. In one study, 51% of those who recovered from depression after receiving psychological treatment (cognitive behaviour therapy) or medication still had sleeplessness.
People with mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, are now being studied to see if treating insomnia improves their mental health results.
There is some evidence that both pharmaceutical and psychological insomnia treatment (through cognitive behaviour therapy) can help with mental health issues.
Is it possible to avoid mental disease by treating insomnia?
Treatment of insomnia appears to improve depression symptoms, according to a recent Australian study with 1,149 participants.
Participants who completed a cognitive behaviour therapy-based insomnia intervention had a lower rate of depression symptoms than those who received health information that did not include any insomnia treatment elements.
Consult your doctor if you’re suffering from sleeplessness. He or she can refer you to a sleep specialist or psychologist if necessary. They can determine how your sleeplessness interacts with any underlying mental health issues and customise your treatment accordingly.
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