Why does a person suffer from adjustment disorder?

Why does a person suffer from adjustment disorder? Stress can be caused by major life events such as the death of a loved one or the relocation to a new place. Within a few months, most people acclimatise to these changes.


Coping with the stress that comes with these changes, on the other hand, can be so overwhelming for some that it interrupts their life.


It might be an indication of an adjustment issue if these sensations last longer than normal.


Symptoms of Adjustment Disorder

The sort of reaction that an adjustment problem generates is classified. In the DSM-5, adjustment disorder is divided into six subgroups. Each is determined by the sort of main symptoms that have been encountered.

  • Low mood, tearfulness, and hopelessness are symptoms of adjustment disorder with depressed mood.
  • Nervousness, concern, jitteriness, and fear of being separated from carers are all symptoms of adjustment disorder with anxiety.
  • A combination of the following symptoms characterises adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and sad mood.
  • Violating others’ rights, as well as society norms and standards, is a symptom of adjustment disorder with disruption of behaviour.
  • Adjustment disorder with mixed emotional and behavioural disturbances: Symptoms from all of the aforementioned categories are present (depressed mood, anxiety, and conduct).
  • Unspecified adjustment disorder: Reactions to stressful situations do not fit into any of the categories listed above. Social disengagement is one example of a reaction.


Symptoms vary depending on the age of the individual who is suffering from the illness. Behavioral signs such as school difficulties or acting out are more common in children and teenagers. Adults, on the other hand, are more likely to have emotional symptoms.


Why does a person suffer from adjustment disorder?

Although there is no one-size-fits-all explanation for why people suffer with adjustment disorder, there are several variables that might raise your chances of getting it.


Adjustment disorders can affect anybody at any age, although they are more prevalent in children. This syndrome can be triggered by any stressful incident or set of events. Adults face a variety of stresses, including:

  • Bereavement of a loved one
  • Relationship issues or divorce
  • Problems with money
  • getting hitched
  • Having a child
  • Illness or other medical problems in yourself or someone you care about
  • Being a resident of a high-crime area
  • Employment losses
  • Relocating to a new location
  • Natural calamity
  • Retirement

The following are some of the stresses that might cause adjustment disorder in children and teenagers:

  • A new sibling or sister
  • A pet’s death
  • Divorce or separation of parents
  • Whether you’re starting a new school or leaving one, there’s a lot to think about.
  • For the first time, I’m leaving home.
  • Concerns about sexuality (such as uncertainties related to sexual orientation)


As you can see, a stressor can be a single event (the end of a relationship) or a series of occurrences (relationship issues), and it can be continuous (living in a hazardous neighbourhood) or recurring (relationship difficulties) (seeing your ex during the holidays).


When dealing with an adjustment problem, keep the following suggestions in mind.

  • Avoid causing yourself undue stress. Stress is unavoidable at times. While you may not be able to avoid all stressful circumstances, everything you can do to lower your stress levels is beneficial. For example, if you are anticipating a major shift in your life, don’t take on more tasks that may increase your anxiety.
  • Become a member of a support group. It might be helpful to talk about your worries with individuals who have been in a similar position. Support groups handle a wide range of stressors, from divorce to the death of a loved one.
  • Lean on your friends and family for help. Having someone you can rely on to listen to you without passing judgement or humiliating you is essential during stressful times. Tell your friends and family that you’re feeling overwhelmed and how they can assist you.


Why does a person suffer from adjustment disorder? Everybody gets stressed out now and again, but certain situations are more difficult to deal with than others. Talk to your doctor or a mental health expert as soon as possible if you’ve just suffered an unpleasant incident and the stress is interfering with your everyday life. It’s the first step in getting back on track and living your best life.


Read also: How To Overcome Adjustment Disorder? Here are five ways

Read also: Adjustment disorder in the classroom